Benito Garzón Marta

Benito Garzón Marta

Senior scientist

Equipe E4E

Marta Benito Garzón

UMR 1202 Biodiversité Gènes & Communautés
Université Bordeaux
Bâtiment B2 - allée G St Hilaire
CS 50023
33615 Pessac Cedex – France

Tel : 05 4000 8962

Research profile

I have a background in biogeography, spatial ecology and ecological modelling. My research focuses on functional biogeography approaches and genetics to understand species distribution limits, for example incorporating the phenotypic variation of phenotypic traits related to fitness.  I apply spatial correlative models to investigate socio-ecosystems adaptation to climate change strategies, with special attention to assisted migration and biological invasions.

Research experience

Since 2020 - Senior scientist. INRAE, UMR1202 BioGeCo, Pessac (France)

2016-2019 - Research scientist. INRAE, UMR1202 BioGeCo, Pessac (France)

2015 - Idex Chair. Université de Bordeaux, UMR1202 BioGeCo, Pessac (France)

2012-2015 - Marie Curie postdoctoral fellow. Université Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)

2009-2012 - Juan de la Cierva postdoctoral fellow. CIFOR - INIA, Madrid (Spain)

2008 - CNRS postdoctoral fellow. Université Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)

2007 - CNRS postdoctoral fellow. CEFE, Montpellier (France)

2003-2006 - PhD Thesis. Universidad Autonóma de Madrid, Madrid (Spain)

Ongoing research projects

2022 - 2025 SUBER  - Les populations du chêne-liège les plus septentrionales de la planète: une ressource de la Nouvelle Aquitaine pour l’adaptation des forêts aux nouvelles conditions climatiques (Nouvelle Aquitaine Region)

2022 - 2026 OPTFORESTS Harnessing forest genetic resources for increasing options in the face of environmental and societal challenges (EU Horizon 2020)

2022 - 2026 SUPERB Systemic solutions for upscaling of urgent ecosystem restoration for forest-related biodiversity and ecosystem services (EU Horizon 2020)

2021 - 2025 FORGENIUS Improving access to FORest GENetic resources Information and services for end-USers (EU Horizon 2020)

Finished research projects

2018 - 2022 B4EST Adaptive breeding for productive, sustainable and resilient forests under climate change (EU Horizon 2020)

2018 - 2019 SEEDBEECH Contribution of seed production to the fitness of European beech across its distribution range (PI; EFPA INRAE)

2015 - 2018 COMECO Ecological and economic assessment of forest community assembly mediated by climate change (PI; Idex Chair University of Bordeaux)

2016 - 2020 GENTREE Optimising the management and sustainable use of forest genetic resources in Europe (EU Horizon 2020)

2016 - 2020 ATHENEE Atténuation des effets du changement climatique sur la biodiversité et les services écosystémiques des forêts d'Aquitaine (Région Aquitaine)

2016 - 2020 CLIMO Climate-Smart Forestry in Mountain Regions  (Cost Action)

PhD Students

Marion Carme (2023 - 2025) Germination niches of forest trees as a precondition for restoration and adaptation success (SUBER & INRAE)

Carlos Guadaño Peyrot (2021 - 2025) Incorporation of demography and adaptation into forest species distribution models based on functional traits (Tragsatec & FORGENIUS H2020). In co-supervision with Delphine Grivet.

Juliette Archambeau (2018 - 2022) Novel species distribution models accounting for evolutionary potential, local adaptation and plasticity across the entire range of Pinus sylvestris and Pinus pinaster (Doctoral School Science & Environment, University of Bordeaux) In co-supervision with Santiago Gonzalez Martinez.

Homero Garate Escamilla (2017 - 2020) Modelling forest tree community turnover based on species' phenotypic variability and response to climate change (CONACYT Mexico) In co-supervision with Arndt Hampe.

Alexandre Changenet (2017 - 2021) Ecological and economic evaluation of European forests  (Idex Chair and Athene) In co-supervision with Annabel Porté.


Eduardo Vicente Bartoli (2022 - 2024) Tree germination and regeneration clues under climate change (SUPERB projet)

Thibaut Frejaville (2016 - 2019) Evaluation of National Forest Inventories and common gardens as complementary sources to understand phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation of trees at a wide-range scale  (Idex Chair).

Natalia Vizcaino Palomar (2016 -2021) Phenotypic plasticity of European trees and climatic variability over time (Idex Chair and GENTREE, B4EST projects).

Master students

Fany Baillou - M2 University of Bordeaux (2022) Exploring cork oak climatic germination limits (H2020 SUPERB)

Juliette Archambeau - M2 University of Bordeaux (2017- 2018) Determining the role of climate and competition on background mortality of Pinus sylvestris L. and Fagus sylvatica L. along the European latitudinal gradient using National Forest Inventories(Idex Chair).

Juliette Archambeau - M1 University of Bordeaux (2017) Driving factors of recent Scots pine mortality in European forests(Idex Chair).

Gotzon Boudou Aguirre - M2 University of Toulouse (2016 - 2017) Testing community turnover in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region under recent climate change (Labex COTE).

Etienne Camennen - M2 University of Toulouse (2014 - 2015) Understanding tree invasions under climate change: a modelling approach (Labex COTE).


Leites L, Benito Garzón M. (2023) Forest trees adaptation to climate across biomes: Building on the legacy of ecological genetics to anticipate responses to climate change. Global Change Biology

Moran E, Thuiller W, Angert A, Benito Garzón M. (2022). Predicting and managing climate-driven range shifts in plants.  Editorial. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 153.

Archambeau J, Benito Garzón M, Barraquand F, de Miguel Vega M, Plomion C, Alía R, González-Martínez SC (2022) Combining climatic and genomic data improves tree height growth prediction in maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton). American Naturalist. Press release:

Hallingbäck H, Burton V, Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Trotter F, Liziniewicz M, Marchi M, Berlin M,  Ray D, Benito Garzón M. (2021) Managing uncertainty in Scots pine range-wide adaptation under climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

Benito Garzón M., Vizcaíno-Palomar N (2021) Biogeographical Patterns of Local Adaptation and Plasticity of Mediterranean Pines and Their Implications Under Climate Change. Pines and Their Mixed Forest Ecosystems in the Mediterranean Basin, pages 71-82. 

Benito Garzón M. (2021) Phenotypic integration approaches predict a decrease of reproduction rates of Caribbean pine populations in dry tropical areas. Annals of Forest Science.

Changenet A, Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Fréjaville T, Archambeau J, Porte AJ, Zavala MA, Dahlgren J, Lehtonen A, Benito Garzón M. (2021) Occurrence but not intensity of mortality rises towards the climatic trailing edge of tree species ranges in European forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography

Torresan C, Benito Garzón M, O'Grady M, Robson TM, Picchi G, Panzacchi P, Tomelleri E, Smith M, Marshall JD, Wingate L, Tognetti R, Rustad L, Kneeshaw DD (2021) A new generation of sensors and monitoring tools to support climate-smart forestry practices. Canadian Journal of Forest Research

Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Fady B, Alia R, Raffin A, Mutke S, Benito Garzón (2020) The legacy of climate variability over the last century on populations' phenotypic variation in tree height. Science of the Total Environment

Gárate-Escamilla H, Brelsford CC, Hampe A, Robson TM, Benito Garzón (2020) Greater capacity to exploit warming temperatures in northern populations of European beech is partly driven by delayed leaf senescence. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Ruiz-Benito P, Vacchiano G, Lines ER, Reyer CPO, Ratcliffe S, Morin X, Hartig F, Mäkelä A, Yousefpour R, Chaves JE, Palacios-Orueta A, Benito Garzón M, Morales-Molino C,  Camarero JJ, Jump AS (2020) Available and missing data to model impact of climate change on European forests  Ecological Modelling

Fréjaville T, Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Fady B, Kremer A, Benito Garzón M (2020) Range margin populations show high climate adaptation lags in European trees  Global Change Biology

Archambeau J, Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Fréjaville T, Changenet A, Muñoz Castañeda JM,  Lehtonen A, Dahlgren J, Zavala MA, Benito Garzón M (2020) Similar patterns of background mortality across Europe are mostly driven by drought in European beech and a combination of drought and competition in Scots pine  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Sansilvestri R, Cuccarollo M, Frascaria-Lacoste N, Benito Garzón M, Fernández-Manjarrés J (2019) Evaluating climate change adaptation pathways through capital assessment: five case studies of forest social-ecological systems in France Sustainability Science

Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Benito Garzón M, Alia R, Giovannelli G, Huber G, Mutke S, Pastuszka P, Raffin A, Sbay H, Šeho M, Vauthier D, Fady B (2019) Geographic variation of tree height of three pine species (Pinus nigra Arn., P. pinaster Aiton, and P. pinea L.) gathered from common gardens in Europe and North-Africa  Annals of Forest Science 76:77.

Vizcaíno-Palomar N, González-Muñoz N, González-Martínez SC, Alía R, Marta Benito Garzón (2019) Most Southern Scots Pine Populations Are Locally Adapted to Drought for Tree Height GrowthForests 10: 555.

Benito Garzón M, Robson TM, Hampe A (2019) ΔTraitSDM: species distribution models that account for local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity. New Phytologist 222: 1757-1765

Fréjaville T, Fady B, Kremer A, Ducousso A, Benito Garzón M (2019) Inferring phenotypic plasticity and population responses to climate across tree species ranges using forest inventory data  Global Ecology and Biogeography 28: 1259 - 1271

Garate-Escamilla H, Hampe A, Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Robson TM, Benito Garzón M (2019) Range‐wide variation in local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity of fitness‐related traits in Fagus sylvatica and their implications under climate change Global Ecology and Biogeography 28: 1336-1350

Fernández-Manjarrés JF, Ruiz-Benito P, Zavala MA, Camarero JJ, Pulido F, Proença V, Navarro L, Sansilvestri R, Granda E, Marqués L, Temunovič M, Bertelsmeier C, Drobinski P, Roturier S, Benito-Garzón M, García de Cortazar-Atauri I, Simon L, Dupas S, Levrel H, Sautier M (2018) Forest Adaptation to Climate Change along Steep Ecological Gradients: The Case of the Mediterranean-Temperate Transition in South-Western Europe. Sustainability 10: 3065

Robson TM, Benito Garzón M & BeechCOSTe52 database consortium (2018)  Phenotypic trait variation measured on European genetic trials of Fagus sylvatica L.Scientific Data 5: 180149. Press release.

Fréjaville T, Benito Garzón M (2018) The EuMedClim Database: Yearly Climate Data (1901 -2014) of 1km resolution grids for Europe and the Mediterranean basin. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6: 31. 

Wan Q, Zheng Z, Benito Garzón M, Petit RJ (2018) Inconsistent interspecific and intraspecific differentiation of climate envelopes in a subtropical tree. Journal of Plant Ecology

Benito Garzón M, Fady B, Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Davi H, Fernández‐Manjarrés J (2018) Trees on the move: Using decision theory to compensate for climate change at the regional scale in forest social-ecological systems. Regional Environmental Change 18: 1427–1437

Benito Garzón M, González Muñoz N,  Wigneron J-P, Moisy C, Fernández‐Manjarrés J, Delzon S (2018) The legacy of water deficit on populations having experienced negative hydraulic safety margin. Global Ecology and Biogeography 27: 346-356

Stojnić S, Suchocka M, Benito Garzón M, Torres-Ruiz JM, Cochard H, Bolte A, Cocozza C, Cvjetković B, De Luis M, Martinez-Vilalta J, Ræbild A, Tognetti A, Delzon S (2018) Variation in xylem vulnerability to embolism in European beech from geographically marginal populations. Tree Physiology 38: 173 - 185

Vizcaíno-Palomar N, Ibáñez I, Benito Garzón M, González-Martínez SC, Zavala MA, Alía R (2017) Climate shapes pine tree height-diameter allometry. New Forests 48: 363-379

Camenen E, Porte A-J, Benito Garzón M (2016) American trees shift their niches when invading Western Europe: evaluating invasion risks in a changing climate. Ecology and Evolution 6: 7263-7275

Benito Garzón M & Fernández-Manjarrés JF (2015) Testing scenarios for Assisted Migration of Forest Trees in Europe. New Forests 46: 979-994

Valladares F, Matesanz S, Araujo MB, Balaguer L, Benito Garzón M, Cornwell W, Gianoli E, Guilhaumon F, Van Kleunen M, Naya D, Nicotra A, Poorter H, Zavala MA (2014) The effects of phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation on forecasts of species range shifts under climate change. Ecology Letters 17: 1351–1364.

Benito Garzón M, Leadley PW & Fernández-Manjarrés JF (2014) Assessing global biome exposure to climate change through the Holocene - Anthropocene transition. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 235-244.

Benito Garzón M, Ha-Duong M, Frascaria-Lacoste N & Fernández-Manjarrés JF (2013) Habitat restoration and climate change: dealing with climate variability, incomplete data and management decisions with tree translocations. Restoration Ecology 21: 30-36.

Benito Garzón M, Ruiz-Benito P & Zavala MA (2013) Inter-specific differences in tree growth and mortality responses to environmental drivers determine potential species distribution limits in Iberian forest. Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 1141-1151.

Benito Garzón M, Ha-Duong M, Frascaria-Lacoste N & Fernández-Manjarrés JF (2013) Extreme climate variability should be considered in forestry-assisted migration. BioScience 63: 317.

Benito Garzón M, Alia R, Robson TM & Zavala MA (2011) Intraspecific variability and plasticity influence potential tree species distributions under climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 766 – 778.

Sánchez de Dios R, Benito Garzón M, & Sáinz Ollero H (2009) Present and future extension of the Iberian Submediterranean territories as determined from the distribution of marcescent oaks. Plant Ecology 204: 189-205.

Calleja JA, Benito Garzón M & Sáinz Ollero H (2009) A Quaternary perspective on the conservation prospects for the Tertiary relict tree Prunus lusitanica L. Journal of Biogeography 36: 487-498.

Benito Garzón M, Sánchez de Dios R & Sáinz Ollero H (2008) Effects of climate change on the distributions of Iberian forests. Applied Vegetation Science 11: 169-178.

Benito Garzón M, Sánchez de Dios R & Sáinz Ollero H (2008). The evolution of the Pinus sylvestris L. area in the Iberian Peninsula from the last maximum glacial (21000BP) to 2100 under climate change. The Holocene 18: 1-10.

Benito Garzón M, Sánchez de Dios R & Sáinz Ollero H (2007) Predictive modelling of tree species distributions on the Iberian Peninsula during the Last Glacial Maximum and Mid-Holocene. Ecography 30: 120- 134.

Benito Garzón M, Blazek R, Neteler M, Sánchez de Dios R, Sáinz Ollero H & Furlanello C (2006) Machine learning models for predicting species habitat distribution suitability: An example with Pinus sylvestris L. for the Iberian Peninsula. Ecological Modelling (3- 4): 383- 393.

Sánchez de Dios R, Benito Garzón M, & Sáinz Ollero H (2006) Hybrid zones between two European oaks: A plant community approach. Plant Ecology 187: 109- 125.

Date de modification : 16 août 2023 | Date de création : 07 mai 2019 | Rédaction : CPlomion